CLINTON

VS

TRUMP

We walk you through the most unusual duel ever for the Presidency of the United States

BYSÒNIA SÁNCHEZ

ILLUSTRATIONS BYMaria Picassó

DESIGN BYRicard Marfà

PROGRAMMING BYIdoia Longan

PROFILES

THE
FIRST
WOMAN

If she wins the elections on November 8th, Hillary Clinton will achieve a historic feat: she will be the first female president of the United States. She already made history as the first woman candidate for the presidency: "To each young girl that has big dreams: Yes, you can become anything you want, even President", she said at the time.

THE
POPULIST
MAGNATE

An outsider without political experience, eccentric multi-millionaire and television showman, he could become the next President of the United States. The social disenchantment with politicians and the growth of populism play in his favor. As the victory of Brexit surprised, so could Trump surprise the United States.

THEIR TRAJECTORIES

HILLARY FOR AMERICA

HILLARY FOR AMERICA

HILLARY FOR AMERICA

AFP

1947

Hillary Diane Rodham was born on October 26, in Chicago, Illinois. Oldest daughter of the owner of a fabric store, she grew up in a middle-class family with two younger brothers.

1964

With the Young Republicans, she campaigned for Barry Goldwater, then candidate for the White House, but in 1968 she switched to the Democratic Party.

1972

She graduated with a degree in law from Yale University, after having already received a degree from Wellesley College in political science.

1975

She married a university classmate she had met at Yale: Bill Clinton. They had a daughter, Chelsea Clinton, in 1980.

70's - 90's

She continued her political activism by working on election campaigns, such as Jimmy Carter’s. She combined her work as a lawyer with charity activities as first lady of the state of Arkansas, where Bill Clinton was governor (1978-80, 1982-92).

1993-2000

First Lady of the United States during the presidency of her husband, Bill Clinton.

2001-2009

Senator from New York State (the first former First Lady to become a senator).

2008

Candidate in the Democratic primaries for the presidency. She lost to Barack Obama.

2009-2013

Secretary of State for President Barack Obama.

WIKIPEDIA

GETTY

GETTY

NBC

1946

Donald Trump was born on June 14th in the borough of Queens, New York. He was the fourth of five sons of Fred Trump, a real-estate magnate, and Mary Anne MacLeod.

1959

At age 13, his parents sent him to a military academy to correct his attitude. He graduated as a good student and athlete.

1968

Graduated with a degree in Economics from the Wharton School of Finance at the University of Pennsylvania, and began working in his father's business, Elizabeth Trump and Son. His father loaned him 1 million dollars (4 million in today's dollars, adjusted for inflation) to begin his professional real-estate career.

1971

He took over the company, and changed its name to the Trump Organization, which he would use to construct building such as the Trump Tower, on Fifth Avenue in New York, and the Grand Hyatt, along with 18 golf courses.

1977-1992

First marriage, to Ivana Zelnickova, with whom he had three children, Donald Jr., Ivanka, and Eric.

1980-1984

He tried to start a casino business in Atlantic City but couldn't get the necessary permits. He built the Taj Majal Hotel in Atlantic City, which ended up closing in 2016 after several financial setbacks.

1993-1999

Second marriage, to actress Marla Maples, with whom he had a daughter, Tiffany.

1996-2015

Owner of the beauty pageants Miss USA and Miss Universe.

2005

Third marriage, to model Melania Knauss, his current wife, with whom he has a son, Barron.

2006-2015

Host of the reality TV show "The Apprentice", which he produces himself.

NOV 8 2016


Elections for President of the United States

WEAK POINTS

LITTLE LOVED

After losing against an inspiring Barack Obama in the 2008 primaries, the process towards the Democratic nomination in 2016 should have been a cakewalk for her. But 75-year-old Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders, with a radical discourse for the Democrats, very nearly sent her off track. Even against a rival as unprepared as Trump, she hasn't been able to lock down a win.

Being the first woman candidate for President could have something to do with it: Trump has a majority of support among men. But in general, more than 55% of Americans have an unfavorable opinion of Clinton-- the majority say they don't trust her. Why? Some controversies may have contributed to a certain distrust, but her main problem is, in fact, her curriculum itself. Her long political career is more a liability than an asset. She is seen as part of the Washington "establishment", which is today questioned by a good part of the electorate, and as a representative of a way of doing politics that belongs to the past. Her connections with Wall Street elites, used extensively by Sanders to attack her, also don't help her at all.

Clinton isn't appealing, but the dilemma is finding out whether she is even less appealing than Trump. Indeed, a good part of the vote for Trump is actually an anti-Clinton vote, while 46% of Democrats who will vote for her do so only to prevent a Trump presidency.

TOO CONTROVERSIAL

Despite his meteoric rise in the Republican primaries, where he defeated rivals much more prepared than he, Trump's radical and populist discourse is not to the liking of the Republican Party and its more moderate sectors. Many prominent Republican figures have already publicly denied him their vote, such as the first President Bush.

His discourse has another huge handicap: it alienates the minority vote, which is becoming increasingly more decisive for winning elections in the US.

After saying that Mexican immigrants are rapists and criminals, and promising to build a wall along the border and deport millions of illegal immigrants, Trump has few remaining options to attract Latino voters, who now represent 17% of the total and will be a third of the voting population by 2060. They are 27 million voters (of the 57 million Hispanics in the country), who could be decisive and could be mobilized more than ever before against a candidate who has attacked them directly. According to Pew Research, 66% of Hispanic voters will vote for Hillary Clinton, versus 24% who say they will vote for Trump. Among black voters, the difference is even greater: 85% will opt for Clinton. It's not surprising when you consider that some historic leaders of the Ku Klux Klan, such as David Duke, have pledged to vote for Trump.

THE STRENGTH OF THE NEGATIVE VOTE

The number of voters who are motivated by hostility toward the rival candidate has increased

Source: Pew Research Center

Among Democratic voters

2016

46%
Against Trump
53%
In favor of Clinton

2008

25%
Against McCain
68%
In favor of Obama

Among Republican voters

2016

53%
Against Clinton
44%
In favor of Trump

2008

35%
Against Obama
59%
In favor of McCain

THE CONTROVERSIES

SECRET INFORMATION IN PERSONAL EMAILS

When she was Secretary of State, Clinton used her personal email account to send thousands of work emails, many of which included "classified" content, thus breaking security regulations and putting confidential information at risk, as it is easier to hack ordinary mail accounts. This became known at the beginning of 2015, and the controversy has stayed with her throughout the campaign. At the end of its investigation the FBI decided not to press charges, even though it concluded that Clinton's actions had been "careless". The controversy has added to the perception that she is not trustworthy.

DOUBTS ABOUT HER HEALTH

On the 15th anniversary of the attacks against the World Trade Center in New York on September 11th, Clinton had to leave early, and was on the point of fainting. Afterward he made it known that she had been diagnosed with pneumonia. Concealing her state of health, which had already been questioned by several media, did her no good in the eyes of public opinion.

THE BENGHAZI ATTACK

Clinton was the head of US Foreign Affairs when ISIS attacked the CIA building in Benghazi (Libya), killing Ambassador Christopher Stevens.
She had to appear before a congressional committee to explain why she ignored Stevens' pleas for enhanced security measures.

ATTACKS ON TRUMP VOTERS

SEPT 10 2016

"You could put half of Trump's supporters in what I would call the basket of deplorables: the racist, the sexist, the homophobic, the xenophobic, the islamophobic ... you name it. Unfortunately there are people like that, and he has lifted them up"

Rally in North Carolina

CONNECTIONS WITH WALL STREET AND BIG CORPORATIONS

Hillary earned as much as 21.6 million dollars in speaking fees between 2013 and the beginning of the presidential race in 2015. The majority were speeches paid for by big corporations and banks, like Goldman Sachs, which in 2015 paid her 675,000 dollars for three lectures.

IMMIGRANTS AND THE WALL

  • 1
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  • 3

JUN 16 2015

"When Mexico sends its people, they're not sending their best. They're not sending you. They're sending people that have lots of problems and they're bringing those problems with them. They're bringing drugs. They're bringing crime. They're rapists. And some, I assume, are good people".

Rally to announce his candidacy, in New York

AUG 30 2016

"I will build a huge wall. And Mexico will pay for that wall. 100%. They don't know it yet, but they will pay."

Rally in Phoenix, only hours before meeting with Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto

DEC 7 2015

"Donald J. Trump is calling for a total and complete shutdown of Muslims entering the United States, until our country's representatives can figure out what the hell is going on".

Rally in South Carolina

MISOGYNIST AND SEXIST

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  • 2
  • 3

AUG 8 2015

"You could see there was blood coming out of her eyes, blood coming out of her... wherever"

Interview on CNN, talking about Megyn Kelly, the moderator of an electoral debate on FOX who asked his about his sexist comments. He implied that she was hard on him because she was having her period.

SEPT 9 2016

"Look at that face. Would anyone vote for that? Could you imagine that, the face of our next president?

Said about Carly Fiorina, candidate in the Republican primaries, in a story in the magazine Rolling Stone.

2006

"If I produced The View (the program presented by O'Donnell) I would fire her. I'd look in that ugly, fat face and I'd say: Rosie, you're fired."

In an interview on FOX. He called comedian Rosie O'Donnell a "big, fat pig"

MOCKING A DISABLED PERSON

NOV 30 2015

"The poor guy, you gotta see this guy. "Aaah, I don't know what I said, I don't remember"

About Serge Kovaleski, New York Times journalist, at a rally in South Carolina

ACCESS TO GUNS

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  • 2

AUG 9 2016

"If she [Hillary Clinton] gets to pick her judges [for the Supreme Court], nothing you can do, folks. Although the Second Amendment people [defenders of the right to own guns] maybe there is. I don't know.

Rally in North Carolina

SEP 16 2016

"Her (Clinton's) bodyguards should drop all weapons. They should disarm, right? Yeah, take their guns away, she doesn't want guns... and let's see what happens to her".

Rally in Miami

OBAMA AND THE ISLAMIC STATE

AUG 10 2016

"ISIS [the Islamic State] is honoring President Obama. He is the founder of ISIS. He's the founder of ISIS. And I'd say that the co-founder was corrupt Hillary"

On ABC News. He ended up apologizing for this statement.

THE VOTERS

WHO IS VOTING FOR WHOM?

% of registered voters who support...

Source: Pew Research Center
* The percentages for Clinton and Trump do not add up to 100
because they do not include people voting for independent candidates
Gary Johnson and Jill Stein

CLINTON

Hillary Clinton has support from a majority of Hispanic and African-American voters. She also has some advantage among women. Her challenge is to capture the vote of pro-Sanders millennial voters, the youngest and most left-leaning Democrats.

Total

41%

Sex

33%
Men
49%
Women

Ethnicity

33%
White
85%
Black
66%
Hispanic

Age

38%
18-29
46%
30-49
41%
50-64
39%
65+

Education

59%
Post-graduate or master
47%
With advanced degrees
36%
With higher education
37%
High school or less

Religion

17%
White evangelical protestants
33%
Protestants
40%
Catholic
56%
Unaffiliated

Among whites

47%
With higher education
26%
Without higher education

TRUMP

The majority of Donald Trump voters are whites with little education, especially in rural areas. He has support from the majority of evangelical protestants. His challenge is to capture the vote of Hispanic and African-American minorities.

Total

37%

Sex

45%
Men
30%
Women

Ethnicity

45%
White
.
2% Black
24%
Hispanic

Age

27%
18-29
29%
30-49
43%
50-64
47%
65+

Education

21%
Post-graduate or master
34%
With advanced degrees
40%
With higher education
42%
High school or less

Religion

63%
White evangelical protestants
46%
Protestants
42%
Catholic
19%
Unaffiliated

Among whites

33%
With higher education
51%
Without higher education

THE PLATFORM

IMMIGRATION

·Push the stalled immigration reform through in the first 100 days in office, to regulate illegal immigrants' access to citizenship.

·Defend Obama's executive orders to legalize immigrants before the Supreme Court.

FOREIGN POLICY

·Strengthen international alliances, like NATO

·Be "tough but intelligent" with rivals Russia and China, to make Russia move forward on non-proliferation, and get Beijing to lean on North Korea.

·Deepen relations with Cuba that were initiated by Obama.

ECONOMY

·Renegotiate commercial treaties.

·Tax reform to make the rich pay "a fair contribution", and cut taxes on small businesses.

·Reform Wall Street to "deal with dangerous risks".

OTHER

·Defend Obama's healthcare reform.

·Regulate access to firearms.

IMMIGRATION

·Build a wall along the border between Mexico and the USA, and make the Mexican government pay for it.

·Deport the 11 million undocumented immigrants that live in the country.

FOREIGN POLICY

·End ISIS (he hasn't said how)

·Recover the use of torture in the fight against terrorism (he even proposed using family members of suspects).

·Military expansion: more soldiers, more planes and warships.

·Restructure NATO and pay less for the security of US allies.

·Withdraw military support for Japan and South Korea.

ECONOMY

·Renegotiate commercial treaties.

·Reduce taxes on middle-class families and companies.

·Eliminate inheritance tax.

OTHER

·Repeal President Obama's healthcare reform.

·Defend the right to bear arms.

THE SURVEYS

FEB

MAR

ABR

MAI

JUN

JUL

AGO

SET

OCT

50

f

d

e

a

g

c

h

b

40

a

FEBRUARY 1

Democrats and Republican primaries start in Iowa, with little difference between the two favorites on each side.

b

MARCH 23

Trump competing for the Republican nomination with Ted Cruz and John Kasich, who perform better against Clinton in the polls.

c

MAY 24

Trump beats Clinton for the first time in a poll, after becoming the sole Republican candidate.

d

JUNE 27

Clinton regains the lead after Trump shakes up his campaign team for the first time and several Republican groups oppose his candidacy.

e

JULY 27

Republicans close ranks around their candidate, and he is named his party's nominee at the party Convention, which gives him a boost in the polls.

f

AUGUST 28

Clinton again moves ahead after an August full of controversies, such as that of Trump with the parents of a Muslim American soldier killed in Iraq.

g

SEPTEMBER 19

Trump aims to tone down his discourse, while Clinton is affected by some controversies to do with her husband's foundation.

h

OCTOBER 8

A video with sexist comments shakes the Trump campaign. The President of the House of Representatives cancels a joint event. The Republican candidate apologizes.

FIRST LADY OR GENTLEMAN

Bill Clinton

If Clinton wins, instead of first lady there will be a "first gentleman" or "first husband": former president Bill Clinton will also make history as the first man to occupy this especially prominent role in the United States. This may open a debate on the traditional idea of a "first lady", which is based on outdated concepts of marriage, and force society to rethink this role. From Eleanor Roosevelt and Betty Ford, through Nancy Reagan and Hillary Clinton herself, the first lady of the US has taken on an increasingly active political role.

Hillary announced in May that, as first gentleman, her husband Bill Clinton "will be charged with revitalizing the economy." She discounted that he would do so as a member of her cabinet, but it is unclear how much power he will have for this task. In any case, if she wins, Hillary and Bill Clinton will be back living in the White House, but with their roles reversed: now it would be her occupying the Oval Office. Bill Clinton did so between 1992 and 2000, with a presidency marked by economic prosperity, the push for free trade, and a failed attempt to reform health care. Although what many remember most is still the Lewinski case.

Melania Trump

With a President Trump, Melania Trump would be First Lady, a 46 year old former model from Slovenia who now has her own line of jewelry.

The third wife of the real estate mogul has already headlined some controversial moments during the campaign:

·She plagiarized parts of a Michelle Obama speech in her speech at the Republican Convention.

·She sued the Daily Mail and a blogger who hinted that she was a prostitute in the 1990s with a modeling agency that provided "female escorts". She denies it.

·Some nude photographs of her were published in The New York Post.

Born in 1970 in Sevnica, Slovenia, Melania began her modeling career at age 16, and worked in both Milan and Paris until she settled in New York in 1996. She met Donald Trump there two years later. They married in 2005 and in 2006 she became an American citizen, the same year their son, Barron William Trump, was born.

THE VICE-PRESIDENT

Tim Kaine

Senator Timothy Michael Kaine of Virginia is a 53-year-old political moderate. He studied law at Harvard University, was a civil rights lawyer and has had a long political career as mayor of Richmond, Virginia, and as deputy governor and governor of his state. When he was young, his Catholic faith led him to become a Jesuit missionary in Honduras.

A ticket for the election campaignWith Kaine, the son of a small businessman and engineer who grew up in Kansas City, Clinton hopes to attract working-class white voters who now prefer Trump. Kaine speaks fluent Spanish, to further strengthen the already favorable Latino vote.

Mike Pence

The governor of Indiana, Mike Pence, is a 57-year-old, far-right politician who was a congressman for 12 years and, as a result, is very familiar with Washington. A devout evangelical Christian, he has approved several abortion restrictions and is an advocate for limited government and fiscal discipline. He is a lawyer born in Columbia, Indiana, and has ties with the ultra-conservative Tea Party movement.

A ticket for the election campaignHis profile could help Donald Trump to persuade conservative voters, who still distrust Trump’s Republican credentials. Pence’s knowledge of Washington can also help them to govern if they win the election in November.